Pro-Government Militias

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Youth League (Malawi Congress Party) (Malawi)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 90
Country: Malawi
Date formed: Aug. 2, 1986
Details of Formation: The Youth League is the youth wing of the Malawi Congress Party. Together with the Young Pioneers (Malawi Congress Party), this group was used to repress the population and fight criminals.
Date dissolved: Dec. 10, 1993
Details of Termination: In December 1993, the Malawian army destroyed the headquarter of the Malawi Congress Party's Youth League. It can be assumed that this event terminated the group.
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): person/minister
Training and Equipment no information
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel no information
Types of Material Support: domestic government; plunder and loot
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: adolescents; party activists
Location: whole country, esp. Lilongwe (capital) and Blantyre (largest city)
Force Strength: [unknown, 20000]
Target(s): civilians; criminals; immigrants; unarmed political opposition, government critics
Purpose(s): protect state, national or religious leader(s); self-defense and security
Other Information: Although the Young Pioneers (Malawi Congress Party) and the Youth League (Malawi Congress Party) were wings of the same ruling party and had similar tasks, both groups were separated. Whereas the former group acted as a offical paramilitary group, the latter one was rather responsible for political repression.