Pro-Government Militias

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Anti-Terrorist Liberation Group (GAL) (Spain)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 5
Country: Spain
Date formed: Jan. 1, 1979
Details of Formation: Group announced its existence in Dec 1983, set up by two brothers who have been linked to anti-ETA activity since 1979. Those linked to the brothers were, in the 1960s, members of the Secret Army Organisation who fought against Algerian independence
Date dissolved: Jan. 1, 1987
Details of Termination: Terminated in 1987 when France agreed to deport ETA activists
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): state/military institution
Training and Equipment no information
Shared Information and Joint Operations no information
Shared personnel yes
Types of Material Support: corporation
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s): French underworld
Membership: security forces; mercenary; ex soldiers
Location: Basque region (Spain and France)
Force Strength: [unknown, unknown]
Target(s): rebels, insurgents, or other armed group
Purpose(s): protect national borders and integrity
Other Information: Targets ETA members (retaliation for ETA violence) responsible for the deaths of 23-28 presumed Basque seperatists Involvement in group denied by Spanish Government (1984) Involvement privately admited by some government officials (1986) Court case by judge to establish whether there was a link between socialist goverment and group(1987) Headquarters believed to be in Aix-en-Provence 1994 - reported that two Spanish police officers are in jail for hiring mercenaries to carry out murders in the 80s (jailed in 1991) Christmas 1994 - 3 former security chiefs formally accused of involvement 1996 - Supreme court finds no evidence to link Prime Minister Gonzales to GAL 1995 - Deputy Prime Minister and former Interior Minister named by the jailed former security chiefs as being involved