Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

PRI-ista Paramilitary Groups (Mexico)

Name assigned by coder: yes
PGM ID Number: 384
Country: Mexico
Date formed: Jan. 1, 1995
Details of Formation: In Chiapas in areas where the ruling PRI party's control appeared to be slipping to the Zapatista rebels, PRI loyalists set up paramillitary groups modelled on the existing 'White Guard' groups to intimidate the opposition and civilians and maintain control. There were reportedly as many as 30 PRI-ista groups operating in the area in 2000, many linked to the PRI state and federal governments who did not intervene against their actions and even went as far as to supply funding and training. The names of some of these groups operating are as follows: Peace and Justice, Degolladores (the Beheaders/Throat slitters), Red Mask, The Chinchulines (the Parasites/Lice) and the Peoples Armed Forces
Date dissolved: July 2, 2000
Details of Termination: On July 2 2000 the PRI government's rule came to an end. The PRI governor of Chiapas was also ousted, with the new governor promising to go after the paramilitaries. Activity seems to have largely ceased with the change of government. However, in 2002 and 2005 the Zapatistas argued that government backed paramilitaries were still operating in Chiapas but also evidence of state forces clamping down and arresting paramilitaries from 2000.
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): political party; state/military institution; sub-national government
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel yes
Types of Material Support: domestic government
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: ethnic; security forces; unemployed; adolescents; party activists
Location: Chiapas
Force Strength: [unknown, unknown]
Target(s): civilians; unarmed political opposition, government critics; rebels, insurgents, or other armed group; ethnic group; religious group; journalists
Purpose(s): intimidation of civilians; fight insurgents
Other Information: