Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

Chimeres AKA Popular Organisations (Haiti)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 370
Country: Haiti
Date formed: Feb. 10, 2001
Details of Formation: Armed gangs pro Aristide and his Lavalas party. Members of the numerous gangs were known as chimeres (fire breathing monster of Haitian mythology). Many gangs thought to have evolved from the partisan groups known as "popular organisations" which President Aristide established. Identified groups of Chimeres/Popular Organisations include:The Cannibal Army - based in Gonaives and headed by Amiot Matayer. After Metayer's assasination in 2003 the Cannibal Army turned against Aristide and Lavalas;Sleepers in the Wood - based in Petit-Goave;Clean Sweep (Bale Wouze) - based in St Marc; The Red Army (Popular Organisation for the Liberation of Haiti) - based in Habitation Le Clerc; Militants of La Plaine; Solution - based in Cite Soleil
Date dissolved: March 1, 2004
Details of Termination: Stopped being a pro-government armed group when President Aristide fled Haiti in a 2004 coup.
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): person/minister
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel yes
Types of Material Support: domestic government
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: unemployed; adolescents; children; criminals
Location: Nationwide
Force Strength: [unknown, 3000]
Target(s): civilians; unarmed political opposition, government critics; journalists
Purpose(s): protect state, national or religious institutions; protect state, national or religious leader(s); intimidation of civilians
Other Information: Identified groups of Chimeres/Popular Organisations include: The Cannibal Army - based in Gonaives and headed by Amiot Matayer. After Metayer's assasination in 2003 the Cannibal Army turned against Aristide and Lavalas. Sleepers in the Wood - based in Petit-Goave Clean Sweep (Bale Wouze) - based in St Marc The Red Army (Popular Organisation for the Liberation of Haiti) - based in Habitation Le Clerc Militants of La Plaine Solution - based in Cite Soleil

Evidence