Pro-Government Militias

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Serb Volunteer Army AKA Arkan's Tigers (Yugoslavia)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 360
Country: Yugoslavia
Date formed: Oct. 11, 1990
Details of Formation: set up as Serb Volunteer Army in 1990 (according to Arkan himself) but first press-reported operations in Croatia in 1991. First recorded use of term 'tigers' on November 30 1991
Date dissolved: Jan. 15, 2000
Details of Termination: termination date is date of Arkan's death. arkan's son accused Milosevic of having a role in his assassination.
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): person/minister; state/military institution
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel yes
Types of Material Support: domestic government; plunder and loot; crime
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: ethnic; religious; ex soldiers; criminals
Location: Croatia, Bosnia, Kosovo
Force Strength: [200, 1000]
Target(s): civilians; unarmed political opposition, government critics; ethnic group; religious group
Purpose(s): protect national borders and integrity; intimidation of ethnic/religious groups; destabilise neighbouring countries
Other Information: Loyal to and connected with Milosevic from 1991. the election of Milan Panic as Prime Minister of federal yugoslavia in 1992 may lead to suggestions that groups like Tigers were not under the control of the federal government however, the ICTY states that Milosevic was President of republic of serbia "and as such exercied control of substantial influence over the participants of the Joint Criminal Exercise [Arkan is included as a participant of the JCE]...effectively controlled or substantially influenced the actions of the SFRY (and later FRY), Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MUP), the Yugoslav Peoples' Army (JNA), the Serb-run Territorial defence (TO) staff...and the serb volunteer groups". By Kosovo in 1999 Milosevic was President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and continued to mobilise and support groups like Arkan's Tigers. arkan elected to parliament for Kosovo region in december 1992. Arkan is the well-known leader of "Delije," a notorious group of "Red Star Belgrade" soccer fans.

Evidence