Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

Sandinista Popular/People's Militias (Nicaragua)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 358
Country: Nicaragua
Date formed: Jan. 1, 1980
Details of Formation: Formed in early 1980, originally as an auxiliary police force to provide security - to guard factories, provide disaster relief, guard volunters in the 1980 literacy campaign etc. Gradually became an important source of millitary manpower for the battle against US backed anti-Sandinist rebels.
Date dissolved: April 18, 1990
Details of Termination: A peace deal was signed on 18 April 1990 after a new administration took office under Mrs Violeta Barrios de Chamorro as President and Minister of Defence. The army and militia were drastically reduced as part of the deal, with tens of thosands of weapons taken from demobilised Sandinista soldiers and civilian militias.
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type2
Government Link(s): person/minister; state/military institution
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel yes
Types of Material Support: no information
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: village/rural; urban; adolescents; party activists; workers; students; peasants
Location: Nationwide
Force Strength: [50000, 300000]
Target(s): rebels, insurgents, or other armed group; foreigners
Purpose(s): protect state, national or religious institutions; protect national borders and integrity; protect property and investment; self-defense and security; intelligence gathering
Other Information: