Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

Besi Merah Putih (Indonesia)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 337
Country: Indonesia
Date formed: Feb. 3, 1999
Details of Formation: pro-integration militia formed 'soon after Indonesian Foreign Minister Ali Alatas announced Jakarta will consider granting independence to East Timor'
Date dissolved: Dec. 2, 1999
Details of Termination: 1999-12-02 Transition Government
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): state/military institution
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel yes
Types of Material Support: military
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: village/rural; adolescents; former rebels
Location: Maubara, Liquisa, Dili (East Timor); West Timor
Force Strength: [2890, unknown]
Target(s): civilians; unarmed political opposition, government critics; ethnic group; international peacekeeping force; journalists
Purpose(s): protect national borders and integrity; intimidation of ethnic/religious groups; intimidation of civilians
Other Information: also active in West Timor refugee camps