Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

Pemuda Pancasila (Indonesia)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 327
Country: Indonesia
Date formed: Oct. 1, 1959
Details of Formation: from source 'THE Pemuda Pancasila was set up in October 1959 by the then military commander General A. H. Nasution. By forging an alliance with other mass organisations like HMI and Ansor, it aimed to act as a counterweight to the communists. It went into political oblivion, albeit temporarily, after the emergence of other influential youth groups in the early '70s. But with the backing of the government and ruling Golkar party, the Pemuda Pancasila was revived in 1978. Branches were established throughout the 27 provinces and its membership mushroomed.'
Date dissolved: Unknown
Details of Termination: still active in late 2007
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type2
Government Link(s): person/minister; political party
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel no
Types of Material Support: domestic government; military; crime
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: ideology; adolescents; party activists; criminals
Location: nationwide, e.g. Jakarta, Ambon, West Papua, East Timor, Aceh
Force Strength: [unknown, 7000000]
Target(s): unarmed political opposition, government critics; rebels, insurgents, or other armed group; ethnic group; journalists
Purpose(s): protect state, national or religious institutions; protect national borders and integrity; intimidation of ethnic/religious groups; intimidation of civilians
Other Information: this group is frequently used to instigate riots, control election campaigns and was active in every hotspot.