Pro-Government Militias

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Pam Swakarsa (Indonesia)

Name assigned by coder: yes
PGM ID Number: 293
Country: Indonesia
Date formed: Nov. 7, 1998
Details of Formation: Pam Swarkasa is a genric term meaning 'self security' or 'civilian guard'. They have been set up and used in numerous contexts
Date dissolved: Unknown
Details of Termination:
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): state/military institution
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel no
Types of Material Support: domestic government; military
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: religious; village/rural
Location: Jakarta, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara Province
Force Strength: [100000, 609000]
Target(s): civilians; unarmed political opposition, government critics; rebels, insurgents, or other armed group
Purpose(s): protect state, national or religious institutions; self-defense and security
Other Information: