Pro-Government Militias

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Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) (Sudan)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 289
Country: Sudan
Date formed: Sept. 19, 1997
Details of Formation: - the LRA is a Northern Ugandan insurgent group fighting against the Ugandan government of President Museveni - it also operates in Southern Sudan and maintains bases in the Equatoria region - the group is supported by the Sudanese government in return for helping Khartoum in attacks against the SPLM/A
Date dissolved: April 6, 2004
Details of Termination: - in 2004, it seems that the Sudanese government has definitely stopped its support for the LRA - in the context of the peace talks, the Sudanese army apparently engages in operations with the SPLM/A and the EDF to expel the LRA from Southern Sudan
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): state/military institution
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel no
Types of Material Support: domestic government; plunder and loot
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: religious; children
Location: Southern Sudan (Eastern Equatoria)
Force Strength: [300, 10000]
Target(s): civilians; rebels, insurgents, or other armed group
Purpose(s): fight insurgents
Other Information: IMPORTANT: the LRA is an Ugandan rebel group which also operates in Southern Sudan; it was temporarily supported by the Sudanese government in return for helping Khartoum in attacks against the SPLM/A - led by Joseph Kony - the LRA has bases in Southern Sudan (Equatoria area) - in 2001, Khartoum announces that it has stopped government support for the LRA and as a consequence the LRA attacks government-held territory; in 2002, however, there is - once again - evidence that the Sudanese government supports the LRA - in 1998, Unicef estimates that the LRA has abducted 10,000 children in Northern Uganda in the last three years - the LRA conducts joint operations with the EDF - this number is used as estimation for the force strength of the LRA