Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

South Sudan Unity Movement/Army (SSUM/A) (Sudan)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 266
Country: Sudan
Date formed: Jan. 1, 1998
Details of Formation: - Major-General Paulino Matib of the Sudanese army founds the SSUM/A in 1998 - it incorporates elements from the Anyanya II, ethnic Nuer from the SSDF
Date dissolved: Jan. 9, 2006
Details of Termination: - in 2001, Matib is also leader of the SSDF - the SSUM/A agreed to join the SPLM/A under the Juba Declaration (9 Jan 2006)
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): person/minister; state/military institution
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel yes
Types of Material Support: domestic government; plunder and loot
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: ethnic; adolescents; former rebels
Location: Khartoum, Unity, Upper Nile
Force Strength: [unknown, unknown]
Target(s): civilians; rebels, insurgents, or other armed group; other pro-government militias
Purpose(s): protect property and investment; intimidation of civilians; fight insurgents
Other Information: - Matib was a commander in the Anyanya II and is now a Major-General in the national army and the government supports his militia - force strength more than 1,000; there is evidence for a defection of a commander and 1,000 fighters in 1998 - from 1998 to 1999, Peter Gadet and his forces were a part of SSUM/A - in early 1999, Kerubino Kwanyin Bol and his forces joined the SSUM/A