Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

Popular Defence Forces (PDF) (Sudan)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 256
Country: Sudan
Date formed: June 1, 1989
Details of Formation: - the PDF have been created in 1989 by the National Islamic Front (NIF) - the initial objective was to create an Islamic force which would replace the national army in the long term
Date dissolved: Unknown
Details of Termination:
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type2
Government Link(s): person/minister; political party
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations yes
Shared personnel no
Types of Material Support: domestic government; corporation; plunder and loot; Foreign government; foreign support
State Sponsor(s): Iran
Other Connection(s):
Membership: ethnic; religious; professional group; adolescents; children; foreign nationals; students
Location: Darfur, Southern Sudan (e.g., Blue Nile, Kordofan, Bahr el Ghazal), Eastern Sudan, Kit, Muglad
Force Strength: [15000, 85000]
Target(s): civilians; rebels, insurgents, or other armed group; religious group
Purpose(s): protect state, national or religious institutions; protect national borders and integrity; protect property and investment; fight insurgents
Other Information: - the PDF oversees all Northern militias - the PDF is an umbrella organisation which incorporates tribal/ethnic militias as - for example - the Murahilin, the Janjaweed, Arab Baggara militias in general (Rizaygat, Missiriya, etc) and the Fertit Militiamen - it conducts joint operations with the army and Southern militias - the PDF is loyal to Hassan al-Turabi (leader of the NIF) - the PDF are modelled after the Iranian Revolutionary Guards which also provide material resources to the PDF - it is financed by Islamic banks in Sudan and abroad - the enrolment of government employees and university students is compulsory since 1992 - recruits get a rudimentary military training coupled with political and Islamic indoctrination - recruits have to become Muslims - sometimes also called "NIF militia" or "mujahidin"