Pro-Government Militias

Pro-Government Militia Website

Hizbullah (Turkey)

Name assigned by coder: no
PGM ID Number: 248
Country: Turkey
Date formed: Jan. 1, 1995
Details of Formation: From sources: "Hizbullah emerged in 1985, a year after the Kurdish rebellion started in earnest. The rebel Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), led by Abdullah Ocalan, was Marxist and atheist. The Islamic extremists of Hizbullah vowed to wipe it out. Turkish security forces desperately trying to contain the Kurdish rebellion stood to gain from factional fighting."
Date dissolved: Dec. 31, 1996
Details of Termination: No explicit word on temrination (Hizbullah still seems to be active), but it ceased to be used by the military in 2000, and has subsequently been targeted by govt. forces.
Successor group(s): none
Private Military Company? no
Government Relation: type1
Government Link(s): state/military institution; sub-national government
Training and Equipment yes
Shared Information and Joint Operations no information
Shared personnel no
Types of Material Support: military
State Sponsor(s): none
Other Connection(s):
Membership: religious
Location: South East, e.g. Batman
Force Strength: [unknown, unknown]
Target(s): rebels, insurgents, or other armed group; ethnic group
Purpose(s): intimidation of ethnic/religious groups
Other Information: Were used to target pro-independence Kurds and esp. PKK Based on source, the group was pro-government possibly only in 1995 & 1996